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A people who moved from Thrace into central Anatolia (Turkey) after the collapse of the Hittite empire by the mid-12th century BC. They founded a kingdom, under Midas, that covered most of Anatolia and lasted c 750-680 BC, with his capital at Gordium (Gordion). After they were destroyed by the Cimmerians, the Phrygian culture continued under the rule of Lydia into Classical times in Anatolia. Noteworthy are elaborate monuments carved in rock faces, once considered tombs but now interpreted as religious centers. Rich burials were placed under great tumuli. The richly painted pottery is related to that of the contemporary Greeks. They are said to have invented embroidery.