El Argar

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Situated on a hilltop near Almeria in southeast Spain, El Argar is the type site and largest known settlement of the Argaric Bronze Age of the 2nd millennium BC. The settlement was fortified and contained rectangular stone houses, though these are less well preserved than at other Argaric settlement sites such as at Ifre and El Oficio. The settlement also contained 950 burials, the earlier ones in cists, later ones in large jars. Grave goods include plain burnished pottery in simple shapes, including pedestailed bowls and cups, and a variety of metal goods, including daggers, swords and axes of copper or bronze and ornaments of gold and silver. Silver was particularly common, perhaps more common than anywhere else in Europe at this time, and was used especially for diadems.

The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983Copied