added by archaeologs A tell site northwest of Shiraz in southern Iran, excavated by a joint Irano-American team in the 1970s. This huge site covers some 400 hectares and has been positively identified from inscriptions as the Elamite city of Anshan, located far further east than had been predicted by most scholars. Occupation of the site goes back well into the 5th millennium bc and many buildings of the Proto-Elamite and Middle Elamite periods have been discovered. In the 3rd and 2nd millennia bc the city was clearly a major trading centre (yielding much imported material) as well as the local capital.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983