Spissky Stvrtov

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Early Bronze Age hillfort of the Otomani culture in eastern Slovakia and dated to the mid-2nd millennium BC. A partly encircling stone wall defends the site on the east side, where the main entrance is flanked by towerlike bastions. In the fort interior, 26 houses are arranged around a 'village square' and these houses, with stone foundations, sometimes had below-ground chests containing gold and bronze objects. Houses outside this acropolis were of simpler construction. This was a fortified site of economic administrative and strategic importance. That there was differentiation into an acropolis and a settlement area with the houses of the acropolis built using a different technique and the amount of gold and bronze objects hidden in chests under the floors of the houses in the settlement area suggests that there were economic and social distinctions among the inhabitants. Bronze workshops are known as well as a ritual area where a rhomboidal stone upright lies near two inurned cremations.

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An earlier Bronze Age hillfort of the Fuzesabon y culture, dated to the mid-2nd millennium be and located near Mysia Hdrka in southern Slovakia. A partly encircling stone wall over 160 metres long defends the site on the east side, where the main entrance is flanked by tower-like bastions. In the fort interior, 26 houses are arranged around a ‘village square’. These two-storey timber structures had below-ground chests containing gold and bronze objects. Bronze workshops are known, as well as a ritual area where a rhomboidal stone upright lies near two inumed cremations.

The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983Copied

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