Royal Titulary

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The classic sequence of names and titles held by each of the Egyptian pharaohs, which consisted of five names ('fivefold titulary'). The system was not entirely established until Middle Kingdom (c 1938-1600 BC). The five epithets encapsulate Egyptian views on kingship: three stressing the king's role as a god and the other two emphasizing Egypt as divided into two lands, both under the control of the pharaoh. The birth name was usually the last name in the sequence in inscriptions giving the king's name and titles, but it was the only one to be given to the pharaoh as soon as he was born. The other four names were given to the ruler at the time of his installation on the throne.

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