added by archaeologs The name of 11 kings of Egypt: especially II (reigned 1304–1237 b.c.); III (reigned 1198–1166 b.c.). These two pharaohs ruled Egypt of the 19th Dynasty and nine of the 20th Dynasty, therefore the period was called Ramesside. The most important of these rulers were Ramesses I Menpehtyra (1292-1290 BC), Ramesses II Usermaatra Setepenra (or Ramesses the Great) (1279-1213 BC), and Ramesses III Usermaatra Meryamun (1187-1156 BC). Ramesses II's victory at Kadesh, however doubtful, at least stabilized his frontier with the Hittites for many years. He also carried out much temple building within Egypt and Nubia, including his funerary temple at Thebes (Ramesseum). After Ramesses II's marriage to the Hittite king's daughter, his reign saw the florescence of Egyptian art and monumental architecture, most notably at the great temple of Abu Simbel. Ramesses III saved the country by defeating invasions of the Peoples by the Sea and the Libyans c 1170 BC.