added by archaeologs The supreme god of ancient Egypt before his displacement by Amen (Amun). He was sun god and deity of the city of Heliopolis, whose cult is first attested in the name of the 2nd Dynasty ruler Raneb (c 2865 BC). Ra is depicted as a hawk-headed man with a sun disc on his head. He was especially important during the Old Kingdom's 4th and 5th Dynasties. In the New Kingdom, Ra was attested in the composite deity Amen-Re, state god of the empire.