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A district bordering the mouth of the Red Sea in eastern Africa, probably close to the Sudan/Eritrea border, from which Egyptian naval expeditions brought myrrh trees, gold, ivory, etc. from at least the 5th Dynasty (2494-2345 BC) onwards. The most famous of these expeditions is recorded at Deir el-Bahri in the funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut of the 18th dynasty, c 1478 BC.