Olduvai Gorge

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On the edge of the Serengeti plain in northern Tanzania, this is probably the most important Palaeolithic site in Africa. A fine succession of stone tool assemblages from 1.8 million years down to about 10,000 years ago has been partially investigated. Hominid remains include ‘Zinjanthropus’, now usually compared to Australopithecus robustus, and the first fossils to be named ‘ Homo habilif, a group now often regarded as ancestors of Homo erectus. H. erectus and H. sapiens are also represented in later levels among more than 40 numbered hominids. Remains of the hunted animals and even a shelter have been recovered in excavations since the 1930s. Seealso Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Homo habilis, human evolution, Zinjanthropus.

The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983Copied