added by archaeologs A group of Palaeolithic caves in Israel, on biblical Mount Carmel, which have between them yielded a long stratigraphy. The most important of these sites are el Wad, es Skhul, Tabun, and Nahal Oren. The sequence begins with coarse flake tools of Tayacian type, followed by Acheulian handax industries. Associated (and perhaps interstratified) with the final Acheulian were Jabrudian artifacts and eventually blade tools of Amudian type. The next industry, the Levalloiso-Mousterian, was represented at two caves, Tabun and es Skhul, and was associated with human remains whose evolutionary position is controversial. The sequence continues with the so-called Emiran industry, followed by the Palestine Aurignacian (also called Antelian), by a blade/scraper/burin industry (the Atlitian), and finally by Natufian. The el Wad has a sequence of Upper Palaeolithic deposits with important Natufian levels at the top and on the plateau outside and numerous associated burials.
added by archaeologs There are several important caves on Mount Carmel near Haifa in Israel. Tabun Cave has a long sequence of deposits of Acheulian and Mousterian type; the latter levels include a skeleton of Neanderthal type. The nearly Skhul Cave has burials of eleven individuals, formerly regarded as N eander- thals, but now usually regarded as closer to Cromagnon, or hybrid or transitional. The Wad Cave has a sequence of Upper Palaeolithic deposits with important Natufian levels at the top and on the plateau outside; associated with this are numerous burials.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983