added by archaeologs Hillfort of the Hallstatt Iron Age, overlooking the River Danube in Württemberg, southern Germany. The site has five main building phases, the most remarkable of which was the second, when the traditional timber-framed construction was replaced by a Greek type of construction, with a bastioned wall built of mud brick on stone foundations. This evidence of Greek influence is reflected also in the finds, which include Attic Black-figure pottery and wine amphorae, imported from the Greek colony of Massalia (see Marseilles). The Heuneburg seems to have been the seat of a local chiefdom, the power and wealth of which depended at least in part on trade with the cities of the Mediterranean. A number of rich burials under barrows occur in the vicinity, including the Hohmichele barrow.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983