Hajji Firuz

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This site near Hasanlu in northwest Iran is the type site of the Hajji Firuz culture, which dates to <5500-5000 be and represents the earliest known settlement in this area. The settlement seems to have been a village of farmers, who cultivated wheat and barley and kept sheep and goats and perhaps pigs. They lived in mud-brick houses separated by alleys; the houses were square in plan and consist of a single room, partially divided by an internal wall into living, working and storage space. The most interesting finds were the burials: as well as a collective grave of 13 individuals buried over a period of time, 28 massacred bodies distributed in three graves have been seen as the earliest clear evidence of conflict from early farming sites in western Asia.

The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983Copied