A long-lived tell site south of Hamadan, western Iran, going back to late Halaf c mid-5th millennium BC. Excavations provided the cultural sequence that was the standard for Luristan for some time. The five-phase sequence continued into the Iron Age and had a series of painted pottery styles. In the 2nd millennium, the native painted pottery replaced by the gray monochrome ware believed to be associated with the first Indo-European speaking Iranians. Its highest level shows it to have been an outpost of Assyria, with a palace of the 8th century BC.