Gandhara Grave Culture

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Culture of the 2nd and 1st millennia bc found in northwestern Pakistan. Characteristic burials are in tombs consisting of two small chambers, one on top of the other; the lower chamber contained both the burial (either inhumed or cremated) and the grave goods, while the upper chamber was empty. The population seem to have been cattle- and later horse-breeders and to have practised some agriculture. They were accomplished metal-workers, producing tools, weapons and ornaments of copper or bronze, gold, silver and iron by the later phases. Their culture demonstrates connections with eastern Iran and central Asia.

The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983Copied