added by archaeologs A subfield of archaeology which is the study of the environment in archaeological contexts. It includes not only the study of past flora (pollen analysis, palaeobotany, palaeoethnobotany, archaeobotany), and fauna (archaeozoology), but also that of insects (insect analysis), fish (fish bone analysis), and snail shells (molluscan analysis). All are studied in an attempt to recover the total environment of a past society and to understand man's impact on, and changes to, that environment. It is a field in which interdisciplinary research, involving archaeologists and natural scientists. Many disciplines are involved in this study: climatology, Quaternary geology, soil science, palaeobotany, zoology, and human biology.
added by archaeologs The aspect of archaeology that is concerned with reconstructing past environments and understanding the ecology of man and other animals and plants living in the same environment. Many disciplines are involved in this study: climatology, Quaternary geology, soil SCIENCE, PALAEOBOTANY, zoology (see skeleton, molluscs, beetles) and human biology.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983