added by archaeologs (1853-1940). German archaeologist who excavated many important sites in the Greek world, both prehistoric and classical. He worked under Ernst Curtius on the excavations by the German Archaeological Institute at Olympia in the late 1870s and then assisted Schliemann on his third and fourth seasons at Troy in 1882-3 and 1889-90, bringing to this work the careful digging and recording techniques worked out at Olympia. After Schliemann’s death he continued work at Troy in 1893-4. He later lived and worked on the Ionian island of Levkas, off the west coast of Greece which, contrary to most other authorities, he believed to be Homer’s Ithaka; he excavated many sites on the island.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983