added by archaeologs Ancient Greco-Roman town west of the Nile on the left bank of the Bahr Yusuf in Middle Egypt, best known for its papyri texts. Oxyrhynchus was a regional capital which was reasonably prosperous in the Roman period, and developed into a church and monastic center during the Coptic period. A large number of fragmentary papyri were written or copied and these texts are now of central importance in the reconstruction of the manuscript tradition of a number of major classical authors, including Homer, Pindar, and Aristotle. Also included are previously lost works or sections of works, such as Menander and Callimachus. They were uncovered, first by B.P. Grenfell and A.S. Hunt (1897-1907), and later by Italian scholars early in the 20th century. The papyri - dating from about 250 BC to 700 AD and written primarily in Greek and Latin but also in demotic Egyptian, Coptic, Hebrew, Syriac, and Arabic - include religious texts (e.g., miracles of Sarapis, early copies of the New Testament, and such apocryphal books as the Gospel of Thomas) and also masterpieces of Greek classical literature. The works of the so-called Oxyrhynchus historian were also found.