added by archaeologs A Theban religious and funerary site on the west bank of the Nile in Upper Egypt, opposite Luxor. In a bay of the cliffs, two great funerary temples were erected. That of Mentuhotep I of the 11th dynasty (Middle Kingdom, c 2033-1982 BC) consisted of a chamber tomb and a pyramid set in elaborately planned colonnades and terraces. That of Queen Hatshepsut, on a similar plan but without the pyramid, belongs to the 18th dynasty (New Kingdom, c 1480 BC). It is famous for a series of reliefs including one portraying a trading expedition to the Land of Punt and the transport of an obelisk.