added by archaeologs Term applied by Shona speakers in Zimbabwe (country) to many stone-built enclosures located in the plateau between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers of southern Africa. It would be the court or house of a chief (mambo) and built on a hill. More than 150 are known, including the major site near Fort Victoria, Great Zimbabwe.
added by archaeologs Contrary to popular usage, which applies the name to a single site, this term, which is believed to be derived from the Shona, is correctly applied to many stone-built enclosures located in the plateau country between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers of southern Africa. The major site near Fort Victoria is correctly designated the Great Zimbabwe.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983