(1851-1941). British archaeologist, son of Sir John Evans. His main contribution was in the field of Cretan studies, through his excavations at Knossos for than 30 years from 1899. He was largely responsible for demonstrating the existence of a pre-MYCENAEAN Aegean civilization, for naming it Minoan (after the legendary King Minos of Crete) and for revealing most of its characteristics. Not surprisingly, some aspects of his work have been criticized in the years since his death, but in the main his conclusions have stood the test of time and remain the basis of Minoan studies today.