added by archaeologs Single-storey masonry pueblo located 18 km east of Snowflake, Arizona. Along with William Longacre’s Carter Ranch excavations and James Deetz’s Arikara study, it is one of the exemplary models of the practice of new archaeology. Using pollen evidence, James N. Hill was able to isolate the function of several room types. Details of the social systems which operated at the site, e.g. division of labour and post-marital domicile, were extrapolated using analysis of style, based on computer-related statistical techniques. bronze. An alloy of copper. Tin bronzes are copper alloys that contain more than 1 per cent tin. Most Bronze Age bronzes contained around 10 or 12 per cent tin, but some have as much as 37 per cent. Bronzes, like copper, are relatively soft and can be cold worked. Similarly, they have a relatively low melting point, and could be melted and cast in antiquity. The advantage of tin bronze over copper lies in ease of casting and in increased hardness. Many of the first bronzes to appear in the European Early Bronze Age had a lower tin content and a high arsenic content (see copper). These may be regarded as transitional between copper and bronze. Bronzes can be made by smelting copper and tin ores together in a simple furnace, but better control of the proportions can be obtained by smelting the two metals separately and subsequently remelting and mixing them. During the Late Bronze Age lead, which had hitherto been present at less than 1 per cent, was added at around 4 to 7 per cent (up to 15 per cent). The reason for this is unclear.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983